The beautiful façade of this building with its wrought iron balcony above the central door adorns the Place Neuve. The building brought together the services of the Royal ‘Viguier’ Service, which administered justice, police and finance (collection of fees). Lorgues was then one of only 22 towns of Provence entitled to do this, making it an important centre.

A fountain that had occupied a place higher in the square was moved in front of the new courthouse and equipped with a communal basin so that the inhabitants could do their laundry.